David and Goliath
(1 Samuel 17:1-5)
A. Probably one of the most familiar stories in the Bible is the
one of David and Goliath.
1. It is a story of a shepherd’s bravery and trust in God
2. It is a story about a young man being prepared
B. The Battle Scene (1 Sam. 17:1-3)
1. Envision in your mind two mountains with a large valley
running between them
2. On the one mountain you have the Israelites and on the
other you have the Philistines – both come to battle
C. Goliath’s Description and His Challenge (1 Sam. 1:4-11)
1. While the Israelites and the Philistines were sizing each
other up, the “champion” warrior came out of the Philistine
2. His name – “Goliath of Gath” whose height was “six
cubits and a span,” that is, 91/2 feet tall
3. Notice 1 Samuel 17:5-7
a. Goliath was covered with the best armor of the day
b. His armor weighed a whopping 148 pounds
c. Goliath had a shield which was carried by one of the
Philistines (vs. 7, 41), and his spear weighed 17 pounds.
4. Goliath’s challenge 1 Samuel 17:8-11
a. Goliath in all his fierceness stood before the Israelites
b. Goliath wanted them to send out their champion to
fight – and this would decide the battle
c. When the Israelites heard this – they showed themselves
to be cowards – they were “greatly afraid”
D. David Arrives on the Scene (1 Sam. 17:12-30)
1. David the youngest son of Jesse went to the camp of the
Israelites to carry food
2. As David came near and greeted his brothers, Goliath
comes forth and taunts the Israelites, as he had been doing
for the last 40 days – each time Israel trembled in fear.
3. Notice what David says 1 Samuel 17:26
4. The people tell David that Saul has offered his daughter in
marriage and wealth to anyone who can defeat Goliath
E. David Volunteers to Fight Goliath (1 Samuel 17:31-37)
1. David says, Let no man’s courage fail – he will fight
2. Note 1 Samuel 17:36-37
3. David seems to in anger say that Goliath will end up like
this lion and bear – because he has “defied the armies of
the living God” – a kingly attitude
F. David is Armed for the Fight (1 Sam. 17:38-40)
1. Saul puts his best armor on David, but David was
unaccustomed to the armor and removed it
2. Instead of the armor, David took his staff, a sling shot, and
five smooth stones he had gathered from the brook in the
Valley of Elah
G. David Battles Goliath (1 Sam. 17:41-54)
1. David goes to meet Goliath, and when Goliath saw David
1 Samuel 17:43-44
2. Notice David’s reaction 1 Samuel 17:45-47
3. 1 Samuel 17:48-54
4. David was victorious!
H. Let us not look back at this great event in Hebrews history
and learn a few valuable lessons that will help us to be more
A. DAVID FOUGHT FOR THE LORD
1. 1 Samuel 17:32
a. David has seen how all of Israel was afraid to confront
b. David knew it was up to him
c. Goliath had “defied the armies of God” and needed to be
d. Notice tat David “RAN” to the fight (1 Sam. 17:48)
2. All fighting for the Lord was not always done in a
physical battle. There are many great men and women in
the Bible who were willing to fight for the Lord
a. Noah fought for the Lord even though he and his family
were the only righteous ones left on the earth (Gen. 6-7)
b. Abraham was willing to do what ever the Lord required
of him – without question (Gen. 12 and 22)
c. Joseph stood his ground for the Lord against Potifer’s
wife. Joseph said, “How can I do this great wickedness
and sin against God” (Gen. 39:9).
d. Elijah fought for the Lord to the point that Ahab and
Jezebel wanted to kill him (1 Kgs. 17-19)
e. John the Baptizer literally lost his head for fighting for
truth and morality (Mt. 14)
f. Peter & John in Acts 4 and 5 fought for the Lord even
though the Sanhedrin warned them not to
g. Paul fought for the Lord to the point that he was stoned
and left for dead (Acts 14:19)
3. We need to fight for the Lord just like these great men
of the past have done.
a. Jude 3
b. “Fight the good fight of faith” (1 Tim. 6:12)
c. 2 Timothy 4:7-8
d. Hebrews 11:32-40
a. These great men and women of the faith went through
great hardships in fighting for the Lord – they were
stoned, tortured, imprisoned, and even suffered death.
b. They had not received the promise, but we have, how
much more then should we be fighting for the Lord?!
4. We need to be like David who fought for the Lord –
even when no one else would
B. DAVID PUT HIS TRUST IN THE LORD
1. Lack of trust in God was the very reason that all of Saul’s
army were afraid to meet Goliath in battle.
2. David, though, trusted in God and was willing to face an
a. David had trusted in the Lord before and was not let
b. Without trust in God, David would have been just like
any other Israelite
c. David’s trust in God is clearly seen in 1 Samuel 17:47
3. We need this same type of trust today!
a. We need this type of trust in times of adversity
1) James 1:2-4, 12
2) Do we trust God enough to believe these verses?
b. We need to trust God over men
1) The Israelites were putting trust in themselves – and
therefore were afraid
2) Man will let us down – God will not
3) Psalm 20:6-9
4) We need David’s attitude Psalm 7:10
C. DAVID WENT INTO BATTLE PREPARED
1. Notice 1 Samuel 17:40
a. We know that David trusted in God, but we still see
David collecting five stones instead of one – David
wanted to make sure he was prepared
b. God was David’s armor, but David still had to do his
part in preparing himself
c. God always wants us to do our part
2. We are in a battle today and we must prepare
a. How? Put on the whole armor of God (Eph. 6:13-17)
b. We acquire the armor through study and apply the word
to our lives
1) 2 Timothy 2:15
2) 1 Timothy 4:13
A. Are you ready to fight the Goliath’s of our day?
1. The Goliath’s of sin?
2. The Goliath’s of false doctrine?
3. The Goliath’s of apathy? Etc.
B. Will we be victorious like David?